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Friday, 16 October 2020 13:15

Artificial intelligence and sustainable development are two sides of ethical issues

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In order for artificial intelligence to achieve its role in sustainable development, solutions must be found to the core issues around racism and the human conscience ... as well as societal differences and different stages of progress for each country. In order for artificial intelligence to achieve its role in sustainable development, solutions must be found to the core issues around racism and the human conscience ... as well as societal differences and different stages of progress for each country. Photo source: - Compilation of news visibility from Google

Vision Egypt News: - The United Nations is betting on artificial intelligence to achieve the Sustainable Development Goals it has set for 2030.

But first, let's talk about the threat that artificial intelligence may pose to humanity's future, and that algorithms will overwhelm humans, push them aside and steal their work from them.

A computer scientist at the University of Aberystwyth in Britain, Mark Lee wrote on the website "The Conversation", saying: Any artificial intelligence to advance needs a robotic body that can learn from and interact with its environment; Otherwise, even the best intelligence will not be able to develop the sense of self, which gives us humans personal perspectives and helps us form conclusions about the universe.

Mark Lee cited recent attempts to teach artificial intelligence algorithms, by simulating how infants recognize the world, and by gradually learning the rules through trial and error in the surrounding environment as they try to perceive and understand it. Thus, intelligent robots may one day exhibit empathy to the point of building relationships with them.

He said, "Despite the limitations of artificial intelligence without a body, future research on robotic bodies may one day help to make between humans and intelligence strong social interactions with emotional empathy."

It is true that building software and smart devices similar to the human brain has already led to great progress, but some experts believe that focusing on trying to simulate the human mind may impede progress in this area.

Audrey Azoulay, Director-General of the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO), says the basic dilemma raised by artificial intelligence is not that "it becomes independent, or replaces human intelligence". "What should concern us are the major ethical issues raised by artificial intelligence."

The Director-General of UNESCO was satisfied with presenting the problem and did not provide an answer, because she is well aware that the answer will come in a variety of sizes and differences in the size of human beings.

Self-imposed questions?

How can we ensure that algorithms do not violate basic human rights from privacy and data confidentiality to freedom of choice and freedom of conscience?

Can freedom of action be guaranteed when our desires are expected and directed?

How can we ensure that social and cultural stereotypes are not repeated in AI programs, especially when it comes to gender discrimination?

Can values ​​be programmed, and by whom?

How can we ensure accountability when decisions and actions are fully automated?

There is also a digital divide that is a reality, and it requires a great effort from governments to work to bridge it, to make sure that no person, wherever he is in the world, is deprived of the benefits of these technologies. Can this be achieved in practice?

During the past three decades, information technology has advanced at an amazing pace, but this progress has not necessarily kept pace with the same level of progress in accessing the Internet.

Nanjira Sampuli, Senior Policy Director at the World Wide Web for the Internet, asserts that “the advancement of information and communication technologies, at an amazing pace, has not made it easy to access the Internet,” especially over the World Wide Web, although access to the Internet is the most important element to unlock the potential of new technologies, It was also mentioned in the sustainable development goals, which emphasized the importance of the vital role that information and communication technologies can play in this regard.

Fundamental differences: -

The goal of the ninth goal, as mentioned in the list of sustainable development goals, is universal access to information and communication technologies, especially in the least developed countries, by 2020, has this been achieved?

Unfortunately, this did not happen.

Although the Corona epidemic, which began to spread in early 2020, highlighted the importance of digital technology in fighting the epidemic, it was also an obstacle to achieving the ninth goal of the sustainable development goals.

The numbers confirm that only half of the world's population was online in 2019, meaning that about 3.9 billion people are still outside the kingdom of the Internet, the vast majority of whom live in the South of the Globe, and 2 billion of them are women.

Nine out of ten young people who do not have access to the Internet live in Africa or regions of Asia and the Pacific.

By 2020, only 16 percent of the world's poorest countries, and 53 percent of the entire world, were connected to the Internet, according to figures released by the "Alliance for an Affordable Internet."

According to the coalition, the impact of this delay in communication "undermined global development in all areas, which contributed to the loss of opportunities for economic growth and the prevention of hundreds of millions from accessing education via the Internet, health services, political voice, and much more."

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