The plane crashed immediately after taking off from an airport near the city of Menzelinsk - eastern Tatarstan, with two pilots and 21 paratroopers from the local club on board.
The plane that crashed was carrying a group of skydivers, and seven people were rescued alive. It is a short-range two-engine transport plane.
According to Russian media, the Ministry of Health of Tatarstan confirmed that the seven injured were taken to a local hospital for treatment, adding that the condition of one of them is "very serious."
Emergency personnel continue to search and retrieve the victims of the disaster.