The researchers said they had been puzzled for a long time not to explain the disappearance of some infected cells and escape from detection for years, but the new results respond.
Scientists at the University of California and San Francisco researchers have pointed out that cells can become "latent", or dormant by refusing to treat the virus as a normally infected cell.
Experts behind the study of 18 HIV patients claim that they can "start developing drugs" to allow the body to kill dormant cells.
"We can now start developing drugs that will terminate viral RNA, which can then be detected in proteins so that the body can identify it and kill infected cells," said Dr. Steven Yukle of the University of California, San Francisco.
The team tested some treatments, and succeeded differently in forcing infected cells to complete part of their filaments to detect them. However, the search for treatment that makes the virus fully reproduce is still under development.
The scientists added that there are currently no drugs that can kill the underlying cells or stop them from reactivating in the future.