Monday, 03 August 2020

R Research&Studies

The relationship between waist size and the risk of heart attack

Sweden, Karolinska Institute: A new study has been prepared on the relationship between the accumulated fat in the waist and abdomen and the risk of heart attacks, and the study warned that "the large size of the waist in middle age," also exposes the survivors of a heart attack to the risk of a second injury.

The study was published in the European Journal of Preventive Cardiology, which is the journal of the European Heart Association (ESC).

Experts at the Karolinska Institute in Sweden found that men with a waist measurement of 94 cm or more, and women with a waist measuring 80 cm or more around the waist, “suffer from obesity in the abdomen”, and they are most at risk because abdominal obesity accelerates Clogged arteries, increase blood pressure, high blood sugar and insulin resistance.

Scientists have warned of abdominal fat, after a Stockholm team analyzed the relationship between obesity in the abdomen and the risk of a heart attack or stroke, and analyzed the case of more than 22,000 patients who experienced the first heart attack.

The team investigated the relationship between waist measurement and the risk of a second heart attack, or stroke, and found that those who experienced a second heart attack were more likely to suffer from "obesity in the abdomen".

Tips for burning belly fat:

1- Improving sleep helps reduce body fat by curbing cravings for food. Because two "hunger hormones": ghrelin and leptin, ghrelin is released after the brain indicates that the stomach is empty, while the leptin is being released from the fat cells to suppress hunger.

However, when we do not get enough sleep, the body produces more ghrelin, and less leptin, which makes you feel hungry and increases your appetite.

2- Reducing sugar intake because it causes insulin secretion, which encourages the body to store fat especially around the waist.

3 - Exercise, especially cycling, such as running, cycling and swimming, as it helps to burn calories; while strong training, such as lifting weights or using body weight, helps build muscle.

And the more muscles we have, the faster our metabolism speeds, so that we burn more calories, even during rest.

4- Stay away from the causes of stress, because it raises high levels of cortisol - known as the stress hormone - that contributes to the storage of fats, especially in the abdominal area.

Stress can also lead to a decrease in fat oxidation, a process that allows fat to be burned as energy.

This means that you do not necessarily have to consume more food to lose weight.

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