An ancient papyrus revealed the infrastructure used by the builders of the pyramids using a network of water channels that flowed from the Nile to the site of the pyramid building with special boats to transport the stones.
According to the author of the report, Claudia Joseph, the detailed archaeological material shows us that thousands of trained workers transported 170,000 tons of limestone through the Nile by wooden boats linked to each other by ropes and then through a network of channels that reached the base of the pyramid.
Archaeologist Mark Lehner, one of the most prominent experts in the field, found evidence of a watercourse under the Giza plateau. "We have identified the main canal basin, which we believe was the primary delivery area on the Giza plateau," she said.
According to the report, the papyrus discovered in Wadi al-Jarf includes a diary written by one of the supervisors of a team of some 40 professional workers involved in building the pyramid and tells how the stones were moved from Tora to Giza.
The diary describes how the team participated in the construction of huge dams to divert the Nile water channel towards the channel that was cut to the construction site of the pyramid.
The report notes that it was long known that the flint stones used in the internal construction of the pyramid were brought from Aswan 533 miles away from Giza and limestone from the area of Tora, 8 miles away, but archaeologists were still disagreeing on how to transfer them.
The report shows that the footage was filmed in a documentary on Channel 4 television.