Vesuvius, on the western coast of Naples in Italy, struck the neighboring Roman cities of Pompeii and Herculaneum and covered them with volcanic ash and molten rocks within minutes, killing thousands.
Archaeologists have discovered fragments of glossy black glass, which has become an integral part of the skull of a man who died in Herculaneum, and it turned out to be, in fact, parts of his brain.
In an article published in the New England Journal of Medicine, a team of scientists at the University of Federico II in Naples reported that the victim's brain material had suddenly become very hot, which had turned it into glass.
According to the article, an examination of charred wood near a man's body indicates that the temperature may have reached 520 degrees Celsius.
This discovery is remarkable, as it is the first time that researchers have discovered a "glazed" brain substance. Usually, archaeologists do not have anything to discover from the brain because of the degradation it is exposed to.
The vitreous goes back to a man around 25 years old, who is believed to have been caring for a temple of the former Roman Emperor Augustus.
His remains were found during excavations in the 1960s, when he was discovered lying on his face on a bed covered with volcanic ash.
The scientists' article concluded that "the discovery of vitreous materials from the victim's head, proteins in the human brain, and fatty acids in human hair, indicates a thermally induced conservation of glazed human brain tissue."
The flows of ash, rocks and gas, whose temperature rose too dramatically in the city of Herculaneum after the eruption of Mount Vesuvius, were so hot that they ignited body fat and evaporated soft tissues almost immediately, then followed by a sudden temperature drop.
These frightening circumstances were the cause of the existence of a spongy mass that was found inside the victim's chest, but such discoveries were never found in other archaeological sites.
The heat of the explosion was so great that it led to the evaporation of bodily fluids and blew up the skulls of some of the locals who, unlike the unlucky victim of the August Temple, managed to escape to the temples with stone walls.
The only way to survive in such a powerful volcanic eruption is by having a much greater distance between people and the mountain where the volcano is.
Even if people are housed inside buildings, they will die due to high ash temperature, as evidenced by the victims of Herculaneum and Bombay and even other settlements, 20 kilometers from the volcano.
This is a silent warning for the three million residents of present-day Naples. "
It is worth noting that Pompeii is an ancient Roman city where about 20,000 people lived, and today only the ancient ruins remain from the city.
The city is located at the foot of the Vesuvius volcano, 1,200 meters above sea level, near the Gulf of Naples in Italy.
The volcano erupted a massive eruption in 79 AD and destroyed the cities of Pompeii and Herculaneum. The volcano buried the city with ash for 1.600 years until it was discovered in the eighteenth century.