Seven candidates, the majority of them ultra-conservatives, run in the first round, and in the event that no candidate obtains an absolute majority, a second round of voting will be held on June 25, 2021 among the two candidates who received the largest number of votes.
The following is a biographical summary of the seven candidates for the Iranian presidential elections:
- Mohsen Mehr Alizadeh
- Amir Hossein Qazizadeh Hashemi
- Abdel Nasser Hemti
- Ibrahim Raisi
- Ali Reza Zakani
- Mohsen Rezaei
- Said Jalili
A 55-year-old hardline conservative, he worked in the office of the Supreme Leader of the Islamic Republic, before he was appointed secretary of the Supreme National Security Council.
By virtue of his position, he handled negotiations with international powers on the nuclear file between 2007 and 2013.
He ran in the 2013 elections, which ended with Rouhani's victory, and came third with 11.4 percent of the vote.
He wants to "strengthen economic relations with neighbors" instead of "waiting for (help from) some Western countries."
He pledged to control inflation through the adoption of a "resistance economy" and to develop economic relations with countries that share "the same line" with Iran.
A hard-line 60-year-old conservative. Since 2019, he has held the presidency of the judiciary, one of the cornerstones of the political system in the Islamic Republic, after a career spanning nearly three decades in the various levels of the judiciary.
He ran in the 2017 presidential elections and won 38 percent of the vote, but that did not prevent Rouhani from winning a second term.
In the 2021 elections, the candidate appears the most likely to win in the absence of any strong competitor. Raisi raised again this year the slogan of confronting "poverty and corruption", focusing on limiting the breach of job duties in the "executive body" of the state. He also expressed his desire to build "four million homes within four years" and "form a government of the people for a strong Iran."
Ali Reza Zakani
A 55-year-old hard-line conservative. A specialist in nuclear medicine, he held a parliamentary seat in the holy city of Qom (central Iran) between 2004 and 2016. He lost the 2016 legislative elections, and returned as a representative from Tehran in 2020.
He is currently managing the Research Center of Majlis-e-Shoora (Parliament).
He expressed his desire to "remove all obstacles to local production" and to benefit from the "capabilities" of Iranian expatriates in order to "develop the economy," stressing the importance of developing the mining sector.
A conservative 66-year-old.
He commanded the Revolutionary Guards between 1981 and 1997, and currently holds the position of Secretary of the Expediency Council.
He is running in the presidential elections for the fourth time, and achieved his best result in the 2013 round, when he won 10.6 percent of the vote.
During his campaign, he proposed providing financial assistance of "4.5 million riyals (about 15 euros) per month" to about "40 million Iranians", which constitutes about 48 percent of the population.
He also wants to "increase exports to neighboring countries," and promised to make the Iranian riyal "the strongest currency in the region", without specifying the way to achieve this.
Amir Hossein Qazizadeh Hashemi
A hard-line conservative 50-year-old is the youngest candidate.
He specializes in otolaryngology, and has held a parliamentary seat since 2008 for Mashhad, the second largest city in Iran, located in the northeast of the country.
He proposed a plan to help young people "marry and work", based on giving them a soft loan of five billion riyals (about 17 thousand euros), and promised to solve "in three days" the problem of the stock market in Tehran, which has been suffering a sharp collapse for months, without giving Provides details about it.
Abdel Nasser Hemti
A 66-year-old reformer. He has a long experience in the economic field. He held the position of governor of the Central Bank as of 2018, and was replaced shortly after he announced his candidacy for the elections last May.
He comes from the Turkish minority, and took over the management of a number of banks and insurance companies, after serving for a long time as an official on state television.
He is considered one of the advocates of liberal economic reforms, and declared his support for the "independence of the central bank", the reduction of "state interference in the economy", and the adoption of "active diplomacy with East and West" that contributes to promoting economic growth.
Mohsen Mehr Alizadeh
A 64-year-old reformer. He served as Vice President during the second term of the reformist Mohammad Khatami (2001-2005), and retired from public affairs after he assumed the position of Governor of Isfahan (central) in 2017-2018.
Coming from the Turkish minority, he ran in the 2005 presidential elections, where he won less than five percent of the vote.
During his campaign, he raised environmental issues, in a rare move among the candidates.
He proposed "agrarian modernization to solve the problem of water scarcity", and promised reforms that would enhance "political transparency" and "build affordable housing."