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DeepFake technology is forbidden in Egypt

Friday, 07 January 2022
 Egypt’s Dar Al Iftaa: It is not legally permissible to use the technology (DeepFake: Deep Fake) Egypt’s Dar Al Iftaa: It is not legally permissible to use the technology (DeepFake: Deep Fake)

International vision: The Egyptian Dar Al Iftaa said that it is not permissible in Islam to use the technology (DeepFake: deep fake) to fabricate visual or audio clips of people using artificial intelligence to show them doing or saying something they did not do and did not actually say.

The Egyptian Dar Al-Iftaa clarified that this is a lie and cheating, and this is forbidden by Islamic law, and it cited the hadith of the Messenger: “He who deceives us is not one of us” (Narrated by Muslim), and it is a definitive and explicit text prohibiting cheating in all its forms and forms.

Sharia ruling on the use of deep forgery

The fatwa added that Islam encourages innovation and invention. He made it not an end in itself, but a means to an end; Therefore, Islam surrounded scientific innovations with a moral fence based on evaluation and reform and not harming oneself or harming others. Whenever the invented thing is a means to a legitimate matter, it takes the rule of legality, and when it is a means to something forbidden, it takes its judgment as well.

Dar Al Iftaa clarified that it was in accordance with Law No. (175) of 2018 AD regarding “combating information technology crimes”; In this law, the Egyptian legislator criminalized the dissemination of misleading and perverted information, and deposited materials related to the criminal aspect of illegal information content.

“Deep fake” is one of the most dangerous artificial intelligence techniques that relies on defaming others by superimposing their faces on fake photos and videos and falsely fabricating charges for others.

Deepfake technology first appeared in the United States in 2014 and was designed by an Apple engineer named Ian Goodfellow, who works at Apple.

The most dangerous thing about deepfakes is that they are edited or made, beyond adjustments made for clarity or quality, in ways that are not apparent to the average person and potentially mislead someone into believing that the subject of the video has said words that the person did not actually say .

The deep fake technology was used for people impersonating a number of celebrities, including the world famous actor, Tom Cruise, and some believed that it was not just a technique for fabrication, and the technology was also used with political officials, including Russian President Vladimir Putin, and former US President Barack Obama.

Facebook decriminalizes counterfeiting

According to the Russian Sputnik agency, Facebook announced that it is preparing to confront the circulation of such videos, using a new technology to evaluate the goal of the “Deep Vic” videos published on Facebook, and prevent them from being circulated. for frightening purposes.

"It is clear that the risk of exploiting these videos is increasing frighteningly, and they must be deterred even if it costs huge sums," a company official said.

Facebook will pay more than $10 million to work with a number of organizations, including Microsoft, schools such as the Massachusetts Institute of Technology and the University of California, Berkeley, and non-profit organizations to crack down on the technology.