Abdul Qadeer Khan (born 1 April 1936) is a Pakistani nuclear physicist, metallurgist and alloying engineer, the godfather of Pakistan's nuclear program as he was the founder and the main ingredient in Pakistan's first nuclear bomb.
Abdul Qadeer Khan was born in Bhopal, India in 1936, during the period of British occupation, and before the separation of Pakistan from India.
Abdul Qadeer Khan graduated from Hamidiya Secondary School in Bhopal and then immigrated to Pakistan in 1952 in search of a better life. His father died in Bhopal in 1957, as he did not immigrate with his children to Pakistan.
Abdul Qadeer Khan graduated from the Diyaram Jeeteh College of Science at the University of Karachi in 1960, and worked as an inspector for weights and measures, a second-class government job, but then resigned from it.
- Abdul Qadeer Khan's Journey
Abdul Qadeer Khan traveled again to complete his studies and joined the Technical University of Berlin, where he completed a two-year training course in metallurgy. He also obtained a master's degree in 1967 from Delft University of Technology in the Netherlands, and a doctorate in 1972 from the Belgian University of Leuven.
Dr. Abdul Qadeer tried repeatedly to return to Pakistan but to no avail. He applied for a job for the Karachi ironworks after obtaining his master's degree, but his application was rejected due to his lack of practical experience.
Because of this refusal, he completed his doctoral studies in Belgium; To apply again for several jobs in Pakistan, but without receiving any responses to his requests.
While the Dutch engineering company FDO applied to him for the position of chief metallurgist, he accepted their offer
At the time, the engineering firm FDO was closely associated with UURENCO - the largest European research organization supported by America, Germany and the Netherlands.
The organization was accused in its days of enriching uranium through a centrifuge system. Technical details of the centrifuge system are considered classified because they could be used in the development of a nuclear bomb.
The program was exposed to several problems related to the behavior of the metal, which Dr. Abdul Qadeer Khan managed to overcome with his effort and knowledge.
This experience with the centrifugal system gave him valuable experience that was the basis on which Pakistan's nuclear program was subsequently built.
In 1974 India detonated its first nuclear bomb. At that time, Dr. Abdul Qadeer Khan had reached an excellent career by being one of the greatest scientists who worked in this field and also had the privilege of access to the most secret facilities in the Urenco organization as well as to the documents on the technology of Centrifugal machines.
Following India's nuclear tests, Dr. Khan sent a message to the Prime Minister of Pakistan, "Zulfikar Ali Bhutto", saying: In order for Pakistan to remain as an independent country, it must establish a nuclear program." The President invited him to visit Pakistan ten days after that message and then invited him again in In 1975, he was asked not to return to the Netherlands to head Pakistan's nuclear program.
The doctor informed his Dutch wife of the news, which would have meant her leaving the Netherlands forever, and she agreed to his decision when she learned that he wanted to do something for his country.
Investigations by the Dutch authorities at the time say that they concluded that Dr. Abdul Qadeer Khan passed on highly classified information to the ISI, but they did not find any evidence to prove that the doctor had been sent from the beginning to the Netherlands as a spy or that he was the one who presented it to the authorities Pakistan later.
In 1975 Dr. Khan left Holland suddenly and in 1976 he returned to Pakistan and since then the Khan family has settled in Pakistan
- development of nuclear weapons
In 1974 the Pakistan Atomic Energy Commission (PAEC) launched the uranium enrichment programme. In 1976 Khan joined the commission, but he could not get anything done with it.
So in July of the same year, he established engineering research laboratories in Kahuta, near Rawalpindi, after taking approval from Prime Minister Zulfikar Ali Bhutto to have the freedom to act through an independent body for his nuclear program.
In 1981, in appreciation of his efforts in the field of Pakistani national security, former President Zia-ul-Haq changed the name of the laboratories to Dr. Abdul Qadeer Khan Research Laboratories.
The labs became a focus for the development of uranium enrichment as Khan worked on several projects to develop Pakistan's nuclear weapons.