Alaska celebrates the transition of dependency from Russia to America

Monday, 18 October 2021
BBC publishes details of the US state of Alaska's purchase BBC publishes details of the US state of Alaska's purchase Alaska was bought by the United States from Russia for $7.2 million

#international_vision, The US state of Alaska celebrates "Alaska Day", the day on which this territory was transferred from Russia to the United States in 1867, after Washington bought it from Moscow for $7.2 million.

Alaska is located in the far northwest of the North American continent, bordered to the east by Canada, which separates it from the rest of the American lands, and to the north by the Arctic Ocean; It is bordered by the Pacific Ocean to the south and west.

Alaska is the largest US state in terms of area; It covers an area of ​​about 1.7 million square kilometers, and includes many islands; Including some volcanic islands; However, it is one of the least populous states; It is about 700,000 people.

According to the Encyclopedia Britannica, humans have lived in Alaska since 10,000 BC; At that time a land bridge stretched from Siberia to eastern Alaska, and immigrants followed herds of animals across it.

As early as the 1700s, the indigenous peoples of Siberia indicated the existence of a large area of ​​land to the east.

In 1728, an expedition commissioned by Tsar Peter I of Russia (Peter the Great) led by Vitus Behring, a Danish navigator, decided that the new land was not connected to the Russian mainland; But the expedition failed due to fog to locate North America.

With the arrival of Russian fur traders, many Aleuts were killed by the newcomers or overworked hunting fur seals. And many other Aleutians died of diseases brought by the Russians.

In the nineteenth century, British and American fur traders were rivals to the Russians, and that bitter competition between fur traders was settled in 1824 when Russia concluded separate treaties with the United States and Britain, establishing trade boundaries and trade regulations.

The imminent extinction of sea otters and the political consequences of the Crimean War (1853-1856), were factors that led Russia to be willing to sell Alaska to the United States.

US Secretary of State William Seward led the land purchase and negotiated a treaty with the Russians.

After much opposition, the US Congress accepted Seward's official offer of $7.2 million, and on October 18, 1867, the US flag was hoisted in the then Alaskan capital Sitka (later the capital turned to Juneau).

The Alaska Purchase was initially referred to as "Seward's Folly" by critics of the deal, who were convinced that the land had nothing to offer.

"BBC".

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